Hep B

Hepatitis B


Adolescent Vaccination Recommendation:

The hepatitis B vaccine is given as three doses over a six-month period. The hepatitis B vaccine should be given to any adolescent through 18 years of age who was not immunized as an infant or young child.




About hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Each year about 3,000-5,000 individuals die from cirrhosis or liver cancer caused by HBV. Hepatitis B can infect people of all ages, but the majority of cases occur in young adults. Transmission of the disease occurs when an individual comes into contact with the blood, semen, or other body fluid of an infected person. 

Many people with hepatitis B do not present any symptoms, and therefore, doctors use blood tests to diagnose the disease. To diagnose infection, healthcare professionals can screen for hepatitis B surface antigens (HBsAg), hepatitis B surface antibodies (HBsAb), and hepatitis B core antibodies (HBcAb). Hepatitis B can be either acute or chronic. Acute HBV infection is a short-term illness that occurs within the first six months after someone is exposed to the virus. Symptoms may include loss of appetite, tiredness, stomachache, nausea, and vomiting. People infected might also experience yellowing of the whites of the eyes (jaundice) and/or joint pain.

Acute infection can, but does not always, lead to chronic infection. Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is a long-term illness that occurs when HBV remains in a person's body. Chronic hepatitis B disease can result in long-term health problems like cirrhosis and liver cancer. People with chronic HBV infection usually do not feel sick for many years. However, a person infected with HBV can still infect others even if they do not feel sick or show symptoms.

After three doses, the HBV vaccine provides greater than 90 percent protection to those immunized before being exposed to the virus.

Resources

Chronic Perinatal Hepatitis B Virus Infections Chart (Aged 1-24 months)

Healthy People 2020

Diabetes and Hepatitis B Vaccination

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis (and Other Liver Diseases)

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)

Hepatitis B: Diagnosis and Treatment

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)

Hepatitis FAQ

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis Infection Map

HepVu: Interactive online resource that visualizes the first standardized state-level estimates of people with past or current Hepatitis C infection across the United States.

Hepatitis B Public Service Announcements (Videos)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis B FAQs

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis B Resources and Support

Hepatitis B Foundation

Hepatitis B Vaccination in Diabetes Care

American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE)

Hepatitis B Information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Hepatitis Risk Assessment

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Take this 5 minute hepatitis risk assessment and get a personalized report

Know Hepatitis B

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Hepatitis B is common worldwide, especially in many parts of Asia and the Pacific Islands. In the US, Hepatitis B disproportionately affects Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs). While AAPIs make up less than 5% of the US population, they account for more than 50% of Americans living with Hepatitis B.

Recommended Immunization Catch-Up Schedule

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Age 0 through 18 Years

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The ABCs of Viral Hepatitis

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Fact Sheet